5.00
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11286/602301
Title:
Community design, street networks, and public health
Authors:
Marshall, Wesley E.; Piatkowski, Daniel P.; Garrick, Norman W.
Abstract:
What is the influence of street network design on public health? While the literature linking the built environment to health outcomes is vast, it glosses over the role that specific street network characteristics play. The three fundamental elements of street networks are: street network density, connectivity, and configuration. Without sufficient attention being paid to these individual elements of street network design, building a community for health remains a guessing game. Our previous study found more compact and connected street networks highly correlated with increased walking, biking, and transit usage; while these trends suggest a health benefit, this study seeks to strengthen that connection. Using a multilevel, hierarchical statistical model, this research seeks to fill this gap in the literature through a more robust accounting of street network design. Specifically, we ask the following: what is the influence of the three fundamental measures of street networks on obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and asthma? We answer this question by examining 24 California cities exhibiting a range a street network typologies using health data from the California Health Interview Survey. We control for the food environment, land uses, commuting time, socioeconomic status, and street design. The results suggest that more compact and connected street networks with fewer lanes on the major roads are correlated with reduced rates of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease among residents. Given the cross-sectional nature of our study, proving causation is not feasible but should be examined in future research. Nevertheless, the outcome is a novel assessment of streets networks and public health that has not yet been seen but will be of benefit to planners and policy-makers.
Affiliation:
Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Citation:
Community design, street networks, and public health 2014, 1 (4):326 Journal of Transport & Health
Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd
Journal:
Journal of Transport & Health
Issue Date:
Dec-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11286/602301
DOI:
10.1016/j.jth.2014.06.002
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214140514000486
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
ISSN:
22141405
Appears in Collections:
Faculty Research Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMarshall, Wesley E.en
dc.contributor.authorPiatkowski, Daniel P.en
dc.contributor.authorGarrick, Norman W.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-20T19:41:39Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-20T19:41:39Zen
dc.date.issued2014-12en
dc.identifier.citationCommunity design, street networks, and public health 2014, 1 (4):326 Journal of Transport & Healthen
dc.identifier.issn22141405en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jth.2014.06.002en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11286/602301en
dc.description.abstractWhat is the influence of street network design on public health? While the literature linking the built environment to health outcomes is vast, it glosses over the role that specific street network characteristics play. The three fundamental elements of street networks are: street network density, connectivity, and configuration. Without sufficient attention being paid to these individual elements of street network design, building a community for health remains a guessing game. Our previous study found more compact and connected street networks highly correlated with increased walking, biking, and transit usage; while these trends suggest a health benefit, this study seeks to strengthen that connection. Using a multilevel, hierarchical statistical model, this research seeks to fill this gap in the literature through a more robust accounting of street network design. Specifically, we ask the following: what is the influence of the three fundamental measures of street networks on obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and asthma? We answer this question by examining 24 California cities exhibiting a range a street network typologies using health data from the California Health Interview Survey. We control for the food environment, land uses, commuting time, socioeconomic status, and street design. The results suggest that more compact and connected street networks with fewer lanes on the major roads are correlated with reduced rates of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease among residents. Given the cross-sectional nature of our study, proving causation is not feasible but should be examined in future research. Nevertheless, the outcome is a novel assessment of streets networks and public health that has not yet been seen but will be of benefit to planners and policy-makers.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214140514000486en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Transport & Healthen
dc.subjectCommunity Designen
dc.subjectStreet Networksen
dc.subjectPublic Healthen
dc.titleCommunity design, street networks, and public healthen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Urban Studies and Planningen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Transport & Healthen
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