‘New’ versus ‘Old’ Urbanism: A comparative analysis of travel behavior in large-scale New Urbanist communities and older, more established neighborhoods in Denver, Colorado

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11286/602297
Title:
‘New’ versus ‘Old’ Urbanism: A comparative analysis of travel behavior in large-scale New Urbanist communities and older, more established neighborhoods in Denver, Colorado
Authors:
Piatkowski, Daniel P.; Marshall, Wesley E
Abstract:
New Urbanist development is often characterized by higher densities, mixed land uses and various transportation options - characteristics often evidenced by older, pre-automobile neighborhoods. This is no accident; New Urbanism aims to closely approximate many qualities of 'old urbanist' neighborhoods to support, among other things, increased transportation options beyond the automobile. However, existing research is mixed as to whether new urbanist developments are reaching their transportation goals. This study employs multiple methods to examine the degree to which travel behavior in New Urbanist neighborhoods is comparable to that of old urbanist neighborhoods in the same region. Mode choice models show distance to work as a significant predictor of walking and cycling, while availability of free parking at work significantly predicts driving. Despite the fact that the New Urbanist neighborhoods are further from the central business district (CBD) than the old urbanist neighborhoods, average distance to work is similar across all neighborhoods - suggesting that employment locations are decentralized. We conclude that while New Urbanist communities may not currently be reaching their transportation goals, they have the ability to provide a supportive context for parking policy reforms and transit investments that disincentive auto travel and prioritize walking, cycling and transit.
Affiliation:
Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Citation:
Piatkowski, D., & Marshall, W. E. (2014). 'New' versus 'Old' Urbanism: A comparative analysis of travel behavior in large-scale New Urbanist communities and older, more established neighborhoods in Denver, Colorado. Urban Design International, 19(3), 228. doi:10.1057/udi.2013.30
Journal:
Urban Design International
Issue Date:
20-Nov-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11286/602297
DOI:
10.1057/udi.2013.30
Additional Links:
http://www.palgrave-journals.com/doifinder/10.1057/udi.2013.30
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
ISSN:
1357-5317; 1468-4519
Appears in Collections:
Faculty Research Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPiatkowski, Daniel P.en
dc.contributor.authorMarshall, Wesley Een
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-20T19:41:23Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-20T19:41:23Zen
dc.date.issued2013-11-20en
dc.identifier.citationPiatkowski, D., & Marshall, W. E. (2014). 'New' versus 'Old' Urbanism: A comparative analysis of travel behavior in large-scale New Urbanist communities and older, more established neighborhoods in Denver, Colorado. Urban Design International, 19(3), 228. doi:10.1057/udi.2013.30en
dc.identifier.issn1357-5317en
dc.identifier.issn1468-4519en
dc.identifier.doi10.1057/udi.2013.30en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11286/602297en
dc.description.abstractNew Urbanist development is often characterized by higher densities, mixed land uses and various transportation options - characteristics often evidenced by older, pre-automobile neighborhoods. This is no accident; New Urbanism aims to closely approximate many qualities of 'old urbanist' neighborhoods to support, among other things, increased transportation options beyond the automobile. However, existing research is mixed as to whether new urbanist developments are reaching their transportation goals. This study employs multiple methods to examine the degree to which travel behavior in New Urbanist neighborhoods is comparable to that of old urbanist neighborhoods in the same region. Mode choice models show distance to work as a significant predictor of walking and cycling, while availability of free parking at work significantly predicts driving. Despite the fact that the New Urbanist neighborhoods are further from the central business district (CBD) than the old urbanist neighborhoods, average distance to work is similar across all neighborhoods - suggesting that employment locations are decentralized. We conclude that while New Urbanist communities may not currently be reaching their transportation goals, they have the ability to provide a supportive context for parking policy reforms and transit investments that disincentive auto travel and prioritize walking, cycling and transit.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.palgrave-journals.com/doifinder/10.1057/udi.2013.30en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to URBAN DESIGN Internationalen
dc.subjectNew urbanismen
dc.subjectUrban planningen
dc.subjectCities & towns -- Coloradoen
dc.subjectCentral business districts -- Coloradoen
dc.subjectUrban Plannersen
dc.subjectUrban transportation -- Colorado -- Denveren
dc.title‘New’ versus ‘Old’ Urbanism: A comparative analysis of travel behavior in large-scale New Urbanist communities and older, more established neighborhoods in Denver, Coloradoen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Urban Studies and Planningen
dc.identifier.journalUrban Design Internationalen
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